:: Volume 4, Issue 4 (2-2016) ::
J Qual Res Health Sci 2016, 4(4): 438-447 Back to browse issues page
Emotional Transformation, Anxiety, and Expectancy in view ofamong Pregnant Surrogate Mothers: A Qualitative Study
Mina Shayestefar Miss, Heidarali Abedi Mr
Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University
Abstract:   (3634 Views)

Introduction: Surrogacy is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) in which the surrogate mother
accepts to host the baby of another in her uterus. Despite the advantages of surrogacy, it has given rise to
certain ethical and legal issues. Thus, the aim of the present study was the evaluation of emotional
transformation, anxiety, and expectancy among pregnant surrogate mothers.
Method: This qualitative research was conducted based on phenomenological approach. The study
population consisted of all pregnant surrogate mothers referring to Isfahan Fertility and Infertility Center,
Iran, in 2014. Through purposive sampling method, 5 women were selected. Data were collected using
deep and unstructured interviews and analyzed using Colaizzi's method. The reliability and validity of this
study was approved based on the 4 elements of dependability, credibility, transferability, and
Results: The mean age of participants was 32.4 years. Through analysis of interviews, 39 primary codes
were extracted. The primary codes were categorized into secondary codes. They consisted of 2 themes of
emotional transformation in the donor and recipient (emotional transformation) 4 themes of anxiety in the
simultaneous motherhood roles, apathy of the receiver, shame and fear of people close to the donor
(anxiety), and 3 themes of trust in God, anticipation of the end of the pregnancy, and hope for the
resolution of financial problems (expectancy). Thus, the experience of emotional transformation, anxiety,
and expectancy by pregnant surrogate mothers was approved.
Conclusion: Support systems should be strengthened in Iran so that derelict women have insurance and
are not compelled to donate ovum and become surrogates several times. The exploitation of these women
and damage to their human dignity should be prevented, and education is the best way to prevent this

Keywords: Emotional transformation, Anxiety, Expectancy, Surrogacy, Life experiences, Qualitative research
Full-Text [PDF 196 kb]   (816 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/06/28 | Accepted: 2015/07/20 | Published: 2016/07/3

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Volume 4, Issue 4 (2-2016) Back to browse issues page